1. Cha-nang (sometimes called "Chang-le" or"Cha-leng")
A Cha-nang is a scoop made of
bamboo strips. It is used to scoop
fish or prawns near a bank of inland
water resources, e.g. rivers, and canals, A Cha-nang appears
in three sizes.
A Chut is a small fishing tool made of rattan strips. Before one can catch fish with a Chut,one has to prepare the location. First, a wall is made to bar kthe way where fish come and go.The wall is made of grass or reed or weeds that grow nearby. Then as many holes as one wishes are made in the sall. One Chut is firmly placed behind each hole. When a fish hit the wall, It will try to find a way to get through it. comes across a hole, it is natural that it goes that way. Consequently, it is trapped because a Chut is too small to allow the fish turn back. The fish that is normally got trapped in a Chut is a snakehead, a kind of fresh water fish.
Another way of catching fish with a Chut is to place it behind a waterway in a dyke that is normally built around a paddy field to contain water. Here a Chut will be fastened to a bamboo stick that is pitched firmly in the mud.
Normally one Chut can trap one
fish. Probably because of that reason, a Chut
is not a very popular fish trap.
A Khong is a kind of floating basket that
is used to keep living fish for a short period.
5.1 A Lob non is a Lob that is placed horrizontally
when in use (The term non literally means " lie down" ) This kind of Lob is used
to trap big fish. It is a cyrinderical object made of bamboo strips, each of which is
joined by rattan. It looks like an oil container . Threr is a lid and a hole for
fish to enter .Inside a Lob ther is a nga-saeng (a value to prevent fish form escaping
A Sai is a tool to trap fishes of all kinds and sizes.It has a cylindrical shape woven of bamboo strips, each of which is fastened to one another with rattan.Its body has three parts the middle and the bottom . In the head part there is an entrance for fish .Some Sais have two. one is for fish that comedown along the current of water ; the other for ones that come up against part , which has a slender shape, is closed.
To use a Sai one needs no bait. The object is usually placed in the location where water flows. e.g. at a waterway in a dyke .One may make another dyke in the water to make way for fish to come quicker to the waterway where a Sai is placed. In placing a Sai , one has to put it down at the bottom of the waterway making the entrance close to the ground
A Sai is a very popular fish trap used in nearly every part of the country.The differences among the Sai are in their looks and sizes. Farmers use a Sai by the end of the rainy season when the tide in the flooded field is on the ebb.
There are two forms here.One is an ordinary Sai the other is a pig-headed.
A Sum is a fishing tool with two open ends.It is used to catch fish on the spot without having to use bait or wait for fish to come .There are two kinds of Sum.
7.1 The first is a Sum that is woven with bamboo strips (with its skin) Its upper part is narrower than the middle part, and the bottom part is the widest. There is a hole in its top for a fisherman to pull out the fish that are caught is Sum. At the bottom part there is a base made of sharpened bamboo strips to make a Sum stand firm on the ground when pressed. This kind of Sum is not very strong. It is cheaper than the other kind.
8. Ta-kraeng chon kung
A Ta-Kraeng is a sieve for scooping baby prawns or baby fishes .It is woven of bamboo strips.The pattern of the network willbe delicate or rough depending upon the maker's wish. This kind of tool normally has a shape of a hemisphere . A Ta-kraeng is usually used in a brook, canal , lake or pond.
A Tum is a fish trap made of bamboo strips. The materials are woven so tightly that the object looks thick. It is made Thicker by being covered thoroughly with clay or mud. A Tum has a bottle shape, round or square. There are two holes in a Tum .One is biggest than the bottom one. The former is the way to tske fish out ; the latter is for fish to go in, There is a valve made of a sharpened bamboo stick to prevent fish form escaping. A Tum is used to trap fish in low lying land, near a bank of a pond or in the flooded rice field during the flood season (normally begining in late August and ending in November).
A Takra-sai-pla is a
basket in which fishes that are prepared for selling at the market. Its body is
woven of bamboo strips, its edge fastened withe the thick pieces of bamboo strips to
support the top part.