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       As mentioned earlier,  of  the main  occupations  performed  in   the  central  plain is fishihg
and  most  of  the  villagers,  except  those  who   live  in  the  provinces  on  the  gulf  of Thailand  do  their  fishing  in  the  rivers,   canals, lakes  or  ponds.  The  tools  they  use   are  normally  hand-made.Many  are  wicker-works objects.   Here are assembled nine kinds subdivided into twenty-five varieties.

1.   Cha-nang  (sometimes  called   "Chang-le" or"Cha-leng")

          A  Cha-nang  is  a  scoop  made of  bamboo  strips.   It  is  used  to  scoop  fish   or prawns   near a  bank  of  inland  water  resources,  e.g. rivers, and canals,  A Cha-nang  appears  in  three sizes.

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          1.1       The  small ksize  is  a  basket   made  in  a  shape  of  a  scoop.  It  is   a  hand  tool (photograph  no. 1.1).
          1.2       The  medium  size  has  a   triangular  shape.  It' s  body  is  made  of bamboo
strips.  The bottom part  is  round and closed with a net or a bag.   There are  two  hands.
It is also a hand tool (photograph  no. 1.2 )
          1.3       The large size also has a triangular shape.  But   it  is  too big to be handled by hands. It is usually placed at the front part of a boat  (photograph  no.1.3).



2.       Chut   

             A  Chut  is   a  small  fishing  tool  made  of  rattan   strips.  Before  one  can  catch  fish  with  a   Chut,one  has  to  prepare  the  location.  First,   a  wall is  made  to  bar  kthe  way  where   fish  come  and  go.The  wall  is  made  of   grass  or  reed  or  weeds  that  grow  nearby.   Then  as  many  holes  as  one wishes are made  in   the  sall.  One  Chut  is  firmly  placed behind each hole.  When  a  fish  hit  the wall, It will try to find a way   to  get through  it. comes across a hole, it is natural that  it goes that way. Consequently,  it is trapped  because  a  Chut  is   too  small  to  allow  the fish  turn  back.   The  fish  that  is  normally  got  trapped  in   a  Chut  is a snakehead,  a kind of fresh water fish.

Another  way  of  catching  fish  with  a  Chut   is  to  place  it  behind  a  waterway  in   a dyke  that  is  normally  built  around  a paddy   field  to  contain  water.  Here  a  Chut  will   be  fastened  to  a  bamboo  stick that is pitched firmly   in the mud.

Normally  one  Chut  can trap one fish.  Probably  because   of  that  reason, a Chut  is  not  a  very   popular  fish  trap.

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3.            Khong

               A   Khong  is a  kind  of  floating basket that is used to keep   living fish  for  a  short period. 
The villagers use a Khong while they are fishing in an inlandwater.  They fasten the Khong to their waists and let it float along.  The object is woven of bamboo strips.   There is a lid on the top part, which woll be lifted up to put fish in or take fish out

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     There are five different forms of Khong. The form in photograph no. 3.1 is called "Khong Pet" because it has a a duck-shape; the rest is an ordinary Khong with four varieties in forms(photographs 3.2 -3.5)


4.          Kra-chang
            krachang1.gif (11646 bytes)    A   Kra-chang  is a floating basket made of bamboo strips.  Each piece of bamboo is fastened with rattan. There is a lid  on the upper part.   Like a Khong it is used to keep living fish.   But when in use a Kra-chang has to be fastened not  to  ones'  waist but to a pole and kept floating in the water.There are three forms (photographs nos. 4.1 - 4.3



5.        Lop
         lob.jpg (3110 bytes) A lob is a tool to trap fish or prawns without having to use ball .Before trapping fish or prawn with a Lob, one has to make a barrier in a waterway with a mat made of bamboostrips and place a Lob at a through way.There are three varieties of Lob

           5.1   A Lob non is a Lob that is placed horrizontally  when in use (The term non literally means " lie down" ) This kind of Lob is used to trap big fish. It is a cyrinderical object made of bamboo strips, each of which is joined by rattan. It looks  like an oil container . Threr is a lid and a hole for fish to enter .Inside a Lob ther is a nga-saeng (a value to prevent fish form escaping
           5.2   A Lob Yun is a Lob that is placed vertically when in use. (The term "yun" literally means "to stand up") A Lob Yun is also used to trap big fish. Its size and material are the same as that of a Lob Non.The difference is only in its way of use. The Lob Yun is normally used in a deeper water. Sometimes  a villager places ten to fifteen Lob Yun in line starting from a bank to the middle of a river. There are poles pitvhed to the bottom of the river prevent the Lob from moving .A Lob Yun appears in three sub varieties
           5.3   A   Lob Kung is a Lob that is used particulary to trap prawns( The term "kung" literally means "prawns") It  looks similar to a Lob Non, except it has "wings" at the entrance and it is smaller .


6.       Sai
          A Sai is a tool to trap fishes of all kinds and sizes.It has a cylindrical shape woven of bamboo strips, each of which is fastened to one another with rattan.Its body has three parts  the middle and the bottom . In the head part there is an entrance for fish .Some Sais have two. one is for fish  that comedown along the current of water ; the other for ones that come up against part , which has a slender shape, is closed.

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         To use a Sai one needs no bait. The object is usually placed in the location where water flows. e.g. at a waterway in a dyke .One may make another dyke in the water to make way for fish to come quicker to the waterway where a Sai is placed. In placing a Sai , one has to put it down at the   bottom of the waterway  making the entrance close to the ground
         A Sai is a very popular fish trap used in nearly every part of the country.The differences among the Sai are in their looks and sizes. Farmers use a Sai by the end of the rainy  season when the tide in the flooded field is on the ebb.
         There are two forms here.One is an ordinary Sai the other is a pig-headed.


7.           Sum
       A Sum is a fishing tool with two open ends.It is used to catch fish on the spot  without having to use bait or wait for fish to come .There are two kinds of Sum.

       7.1 The first is a Sum that is woven with bamboo strips (with its skin) Its upper part is narrower than the middle part, and the bottom part is the widest. There is a hole in its top for a fisherman to pull out the fish that are caught is Sum. At the bottom part there is a base made of sharpened bamboo strips to make a Sum stand firm on the ground when pressed. This kind of Sum is not very strong. It is cheaper than the other kind.
sum.jpg (2889 bytes) 7.2  The second is a Sum that is woven with thick pieces of bamboo strips. Its shape is similar to that of first kind but it is stronger. Thr inner structure is made of bamboo or iron rods. The edge of the top part is made of solid piece of wood.
         Usually the villagers use a Sum when they go out in a group to the place where they expect fish for instance , in a lake or pond where the water is drained out for fish to be caught.The fisherman may hold two Sums, one in each hand, and go placing Sum down at random. Usually  the fisherman advance  together in line across the lake or pond. Fish caught in a Sum are at all sizes. 



8. Ta-kraeng chon kung
      A Ta-Kraeng  is a sieve for scooping baby  prawns or baby fishes .It is woven of bamboo strips.The pattern of the network willbe delicate or rough depending upon the maker's wish. This kind of tool normally has a shape  of a hemisphere . A Ta-kraeng is usually used in a brook, canal , lake or pond.


9. Tum
      A Tum is a fish trap made of bamboo strips. The materials are woven so tightly that the object looks thick. It is made Thicker by being covered thoroughly with clay or mud. A Tum has a bottle shape, round or square. There are two holes in a Tum .One is biggest than the bottom one. The former is the way to tske fish out ;  the latter is for fish to go in, There is a valve made of a sharpened bamboo stick to prevent fish form escaping. A Tum is used to trap fish in low lying land, near a bank of a pond or in the flooded rice field during the flood season (normally begining in late August and ending in November).
To trap. fish with  a  Tum, the Tum will be   placed  in such a way that its top hole floats above the water level.  If it is below, the fish may swim away.  Near the valve at the bottom hole there is bait. A Tum can be  placed both in the location where  the water flows and in still water.  It is mostly placed separately at a waterway in a dyke or at a waterway in any other place . A  mat made of bamboo is usually  placed near the waterway to help lead fish to the  Tum
Sometimes a Tum is called "Tum Chu","I-chu" or  "Kra-chu".
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10. E-ju

An  E-ju  is a kind of basket that is used to keep very small fishes for feeding the ducks. The object is woven of bamboo strips which is formed by its own trunk without tearing apart These is a lid of cone shape on the top part.                    e-ju.jpg (2400 bytes)



11.   Takra-sai-pla


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A  Takra-sai-pla  is a basket in which fishes that are prepared for selling at the market.  Its body is woven of bamboo strips, its edge fastened withe the thick pieces of bamboo strips to support the top part.


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